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热处理常用英文词汇

1. indication 缺陷 
2. test specimen 试样 
3. bar 棒材 
4. stock 原料 
5. billet 方钢,钢方坯 
6. bloom 钢坯,钢锭 
7. section 型材 
8. steel ingot 钢锭 
9. blank 坯料,半成品 
10. cast steel 铸钢 
11. nodular cast iron 球墨铸铁 
12. ductile cast iron 球墨铸铁 
13. bronze 青铜 
14. brass 黄铜 
15. copper 合金 
16. stainless steel不锈钢 
17. decarburization 脱碳 
18. scale 氧化皮 
19. anneal 退火 
20. process anneal 进行退火 
21. quenching 淬火 
22. normalizing 正火 
23. Charpy impact text 夏比冲击试验 
24. fatigue 疲劳 
25. tensile testing 拉伸试验 
26. solution 固溶处理 
27. aging 时效处理 
28. Vickers hardness维氏硬度 
29. Rockwell hardness 洛氏硬度 
30. Brinell hardness 布氏硬度 
31. hardness tester硬度计 
32. descale 除污,除氧化皮等 
33. ferrite 铁素体 
34. austenite 奥氏体 
35. martensite马氏体 
36. cementite 渗碳体 
37. iron carbide 渗碳体 
38. solid solution 固溶体 
39. sorbite 索氏体 
40. bainite 贝氏体 
41. pearlite 珠光体 
42. nodular fine pearlite/ troostite屈氏体 
43. black oxide coating 发黑 
44. grain 晶粒 
45. chromium 铬 
46. cadmium 镉 
47. tungsten 钨 
48. molybdenum 钼 
49. manganese 锰 
50. vanadium 钒 

51. molybdenum 钼 
52. silicon 硅 
53. sulfer/sulphur 硫 
54. phosphor/ phosphorus 磷 
55. nitrided 氮化的 
56. case hardening 表面硬化,表面淬硬 
57. air cooling 空冷 
58. furnace cooling 炉冷 
59. oil cooling 油冷 
60. electrocladding /plating 电镀 
61. brittleness 脆性 
62. strength 强度 
63. rigidity 刚性,刚度 
64. creep 蠕变 
65. deflection 挠度 
66. elongation 延伸率 
67. yield strength 屈服强度 
68. elastoplasticity 弹塑性 
69. metallographic structure 金相组织 
70. metallographic test 金相试验 
71. carbon content 含碳量 
72. induction hardening 感应淬火 
73. impedance matching 感应淬火 
74. hardening and tempering 调质 
75. crack 裂纹 
76. shrinkage 缩孔,疏松 
77. forging 锻(件) 
78. casting 铸(件) 
79. rolling 轧(件) 
80. drawing 拉(件) 
81. shot blasting 喷丸(处理) 
82. grit blasting 喷钢砂(处理) 
83. sand blasting 喷砂(处理) 
84. carburizing 渗碳 
85. nitriding 渗氮 
86. ageing/aging 时效 
87. grain size 晶粒度 
88. pore 气孔 
89. sonim 夹砂 
90. cinder inclusion 夹渣 
91. lattice晶格 
92. abrasion/abrasive/rub/wear/wearing resistance (property) 耐磨性 
93. spectrum analysis光谱分析 
94. heat/thermal treatment 热处理 
95. inclusion 夹杂物 
96. segregation 偏析 
97. picking 酸洗,酸浸 
98. residual stress 残余应力 
99. remaining stress 残余应力 
100. relaxation of residual stress 消除残余应力 
101. stress relief 应力释放
(2016-05-15 10:25:04)